General view of the chapel's east wall, a feature from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan

Egypt, Beni Hassan, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Upper Cemetery, Chapel, East wall.

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), 116a (lineart).

Description

The chapel's east wall is reserved for river and marshland activities. The scenes are divided into three panels, each under one of the arches of the ceiling. Below the centre scene is an entrance to the inner shrine. The entrance is located directly opposite the entrance to the chapel. The lintel and jambs of the doorway are decorated with formulaic hieroglyphic inscriptions requesting offerings for the deceased . Geometric patterns and a ẖkr-frieze are painted below each of the three ceiling arches. Two large representations of the tomb owner fishing and fowling dominate the panels either side of the shrine's entrance. The left panel features the tomb owner on a papyrus boat catching fowl in the marshlands Tomb owner catching birds in the marshlands. Below the left panel is a narrow register devoted to a scene of men fishing with a dragnet. The right panel features the tomb owner spear fishing in the marshlands Tomb owner spear-fishing in the marshlands. The narrow register below the right panel features fighting boatmen. The shorter, centre panel above the shrine entrance depicts the tomb owner catching birds with a clap net Tomb owner catching birds with a clapnet.

Details

Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 B.C.E.). Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Chapel, East wall, Wall. Tracing paper. Tracing.

Referencing

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), 116a (lineart).

Project Funding

Project funded by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Scheme: "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" (DP160102223), held by N. Kanawati (Macquarie University), L. Evans (Macquarie University), A. Woods (Macquarie University) and J. Kamrin (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); the Department of Ancient History and Faculty of Arts, Macquarie University.

Rights

Photograph by Effy Alexakis, Photowrite. Recorded and published with permission from the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Copyright original photograph owners, used with the Macquarie University license. All rights reserved, no redistribution of images or content from this site without prior permission (or otherwise compatible with Australian Copyright Fair Dealing).

Data Credits

Compiled by Penelope Blake and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.

Cite This

Penelope Blake "General view of the chapel's east wall, a feature from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/dictionary/Khnumhotep+II+Tomb+3/General+view+of+the+chapels+east+wall/lineart/